1.Tummy time

 - A very popular exercise for babies, which you can start as early as two months old. It helps them strengthen their head and neck muscles, alongside improving their motor skills.

- Lay a blanket or play mat on the floor and lie your baby down on their belly. The baby will struggle to raise their head off the ground, which will in turn strengthen the baby’s neck muscles. While they are doing this, you can cobra stretch in front of them, so you are both doing your exercises at the same time!

2. Football hold 

-Done to strengthen neck muscles, and can be done from 2 months and on wards. 

- Hold your baby’s body, facing floor-ward and under your arm. Make sure you are fully supporting the baby’s belly and chest. As the baby looks downward and around, their neck will be exercised.

3. Catch the toy 

- Can be done from ages 3 to 4 months. Helps develop hand-eye coordination and balance.

-Find a soft toy that is small enough for them to grab, and one that you know they are a big fan of. Tie a small soft toy to a brightly coloured ribbon. Dangle it in front of your baby, and they’ll reach out and try to catch it. 

4. Bubble Gaze

- Can be done from ages 3 to 4 months upwards and helps babies develop their hand-eye coordination, balance and motor skills. 

- Essentially, this is blowing bubbles at your baby whilst they sit in a bounce chair. As they float around near your baby’s face, they’ll follow the bubbles with their eyes and sometimes reach out and try to grab them.

5. Sits Ups 

- Your baby should be ready for this exercise after 6 weeks, and it will strengthen their shoulders, core arms and back. It will also help build balance. 

- Lay your baby down on their back, and gently pull their forearms towards you in a sitting position, much like a normal sit up. If your baby is not yet able to support their head, instead of pulling behind their forearms, place your hands behind their shoulders and support the head to stop it from falling backwards. Then you’ll be able to follow the exercise as usual. 

- Make sure you take it slowly. At the start, you may only be able to lift your baby an inch or two off the floor, but as they get older, your baby will grow stronger and be able to sit up.

6. Bicycling 

- This exercise works the baby’s knees, legs and abs, as well as increasing flexibility and the baby’s range of motion. 

- Also a method used for releasing air from the baby, this technique involves you putting your baby on it’s back and gently revolving its legs round, as if it’s on a bicycle. Repeat the movement three to five times before taking a break, and then repeat. Keep going for as long as your baby shows interest, which for example may be smiling or kicking.

7. Weight Lifting

- Perfect for when your baby is 3-4 months old, and is great for improving their ability to hold and grasp, their hand-eye coordination and also muscle development. 

- Collect toys of various shapes and sizes from around your house (rattles, small toys). These should be different enough so that each item provides a unique experience for your little one. 

-Sit your baby down in a high chair and place the different toys in front of them, and encourage them to pick each one up. You may have to show them how to do the first few times.